Shop

Image of the main street in Shaftesbury, which is in north Dorset, UK, taken yesterday 26/12/11. Image worked on in Corel PaintShop Photo Pro x3.

Although Shaftesbury’s recorded history dates from Anglo-Saxon times, it may have been the Celtic Caer Palladur. Its first written record as a town is in the Burghal Hidage. Alfred the Great founded a burgh (fortified settlement) here in 880 as a defence in the struggle with the Danish invaders. Alfred and his daughter Ethelgiva founded Shaftesbury Abbey in 888, which was a spur to the growing importance of the town. Athelstan founded three royal mints, which struck pennies bearing the town’s name, and the abbey became the wealthiest Benedictine nunnery in England. On February 20, 981 the relics of St Edward the Martyr were translated from Wareham and received at the abbey with great ceremony, thereafter turning Shaftesbury into a major site of pilgrimage for miracles of healing. In 1240 Cardinal Otto (Oddone di Monferrato), legate to the Apostolic See of Pope Gregory IX visited the abbey and confirmed a charter of 1191, the first entered in the Glastonbury chartulary.
King Canute died here in 1035. In the Domesday Book, the town was known as Scaepterbyrg; its ownership was equally shared between king and abbey. In the Middle Ages the abbey was the central focus of the town.
In 1260, a charter to hold a market was granted. In 1392, Richard II confirmed a grant of two markets on different days. By 1340, the mayor had become a recognised figure, sworn in by the steward of the abbess.
In 1539, the last Abbess of Shaftesbury, Elizabeth Zouche, signed a deed of surrender, the (by then extremely wealthy) abbey was demolished, and its lands sold, leading to a temporary decline in the town. Sir Thomas Arundel of Wardour purchased the abbey and much of the town in 1540, but when he was later exiled for treason his lands were forfeit, and the lands passed to Pembroke then Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, and finally to the Grosvenors.
Shaftesbury was a parliamentary constituency returning two members from 1296 to the Reform Act of 1832, when it was reduced to one, and in 1884 the separate constituency was abolished.
The town was broadly Parliamentarian in the Civil War, but was in Royalist hands. Wardour Castle fell to Parliamentary forces in 1643; Parliamentary forces surrounded the town in August 1645, when it was a centre of local clubmen activity. The clubmen were arrested and sent to trial in Sherborne. Shaftesbury took no part in the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685.
The town hall was built in 1827 by Earl Grosvenor after the guildhall was pulled down to widen High Street. It has been designated by English Heritage as a grade II listed building. The town hall is next to the 15th century St. Peter’s Church.
The major employers in the 18th and 19th centuries were buttonmaking and weaving. The former became a victim of mechanisation, and this caused unemployment and emigration.
The five turnpikes which met at Shaftesbury ensured that the town had a good coaching trade. The railways, however, bypassed Shaftesbury, and this influenced the subsequent pattern of its growth.
In 1919, Lord Stalbridge sold a large portion of the town, which was purchased by a syndicate and auctioned piece by piece over three days.
Most of the Saxon and Medieval buildings have now been ruined, with most of the town dating from the 18th century to present.
Thomas Hardy, whose Wessex name for Shaftesbury was Shaston (or Palladour), wrote:
“Vague imaginings of its castle, its three mints, its magnificent apsidal abbey, the chief glory of south Wessex, its twelve churches, its shrines, chantries, hospitals, its gabled freestone mansions—all now ruthlessly swept away—throw the visitor, even against his will, into a pensive melancholy, which the stimulating atmosphere and limitless landscape around him can scarcely dispel.”

Tags

as it was, shaftesbury, history, uk, dorset, anglo saxon, english heritage, saxon, medieval, shaston

Comments

  • Clive
    Cliveover 2 years ago

  • Clive
    Cliveover 2 years ago

  • kalaryder
    kalaryderover 2 years ago

    How neatly done Clive and a great history too

  • Thanks for your fine compliment Mik, so glad you like it x

    – Clive

  • DavidROMAN
    DavidROMANover 2 years ago

    Clive I was there yesterday too we must of passed one another!
    Oh what a small world!
    LOL
    Joking!!
    Lovely shot and treatment and the history is always wonderful to read thanks and Happy New Year

  • lol…Thanking you for your great compliment David, appreciated my friend

    – Clive

  • Photography  by Mathilde
    Photography b...over 2 years ago

    Comment from my seven year old granddaughter…………..to Clive..it is a lovely foto. just like the olden days.

  • You can tell your granddaughter from me, thank you so very much for her wonderful compliment x

    – Clive

  • Anthony Hedger Photography
    Anthony Hedger...over 2 years ago

    where’s every one gone?
    A wonderful capture Clive and so good in B&W

  • All stepped aside for me..lol. Greatly appreciate your fine compliment Tony, thanks my friend

    – Clive

  • Photography  by Mathilde
    Photography b...over 2 years ago

    Great processing Clive – how did you manage to capture this without people??? x

  • Thank you Mattie for your great compliment, just for a change, nobody about xx

    – Clive

  • Charmiene Maxwell-batten
    Charmiene Maxw...over 2 years ago

    superb work Clive!

  • Such a wonderful compliment Charmiene, thanking you xx

    – Clive

  • Julie  White
    Julie Whiteover 2 years ago

    Love the B/W.

  • Thanking you so very much for your lovely compliment Julie, appreciated xx

    – Clive

  • Lozzar Landscape
    Lozzar Landscapeover 2 years ago

    Wonderful scene, beautiful work and capture.

  • Such a wonderful compliment Lorraine, thank you xx

    – Clive

desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait