Box Ironbark Forests
These trees are mostly a native to the central part of Victoria Australia and have become fairly rare as there are only pockets of them left in the State
Box Ironbark Forests are the most readily identifiable vegetation of the gently undulating rises and low hills that make up the greater part of the central catchment of the region. These areas are often associated with sedimentary geology in areas with 400-600 mm of rainfall per annum. The clayey soils are usually low in organic matter, water resistant and of moderate to low fertility.
Typically, these areas are dominated by trees such as Red-Ironbark Eucalyptus tricarpa, Yellow Gum E. leucoxylon and Grey Box E. microcarpa of moderate height and a shrubby understorey of Wattles Acacia spp. Guinea-flowers Hibbertia spp., Composites Cassinia spp. and Ozothamnus spp., Parrot Peas Dillwynia spp. and Bitter-peas Daviesia spp. with a few grasses such as Wallaby Grasses Austrodanthonia spp., Chionochloa spp. and Tussock-grasses Poa spp. and herbs.
Most Box Ironbark forests of the region have been disturbed by historic mining practices.