in Your Country’s Best 21-03-2013
in Postcards-Destinations 23-03-2013
Camera: Canon EOS 50D, Lens: @ 30mm, ISO: 100, Aperture: f9, Shutter: 1/160
Dunbar in Scotland lies on the southeast coast just 30 miles east of Edinburgh, in East Lothian. Once a major herring and whaling port, the old harbour dates from 1710. Situated over the harbour are the remnants of Dunbar Castle, one of the most mighty fortresses in Scotland. The first stone castle was probably constructed by the Earl of Dunbar in the 1070s and it has had a long an colourful history ever since. The town became successively a baronial burgh and royal burgh in 1370 and grew slowly under the shadow of the great Castle of the earls. Scotland and England contended often for possession of the castle and town. The former was ‘impregnable’ and withstood many sieges; the latter was burnt, frequently. The castle had been slighted (deliberately ruined) in 1568 but the town flourished as an agricultural centre and fishing port despite tempestuous times in the 17th and early 18th centuries. Major battles were fought nearby in 1296 and 1650. The second Battle of Dunbar (1650) was fought during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms between a Scottish Covenanter army and English Parliamentarians led by Oliver Cromwell. The Scots were routed, leading to the overthrow of the monarchy and the occupation of Scotland.