The Black Mill

Catherine Hamilton-Veal  ©

Dawlish, United Kingdom

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Artist's Description

BEST VIEWED LARGE
Sarre Windmill is a Grade II listed smock mill in Sarre, Kent, England that was built in 1820, and is now a commercially working windmill that has been restored and is open to the public.
Sarre windmill was built in 1820 by the Canterbury millwright John Holman. It was said to have been moved from Monkton, but it is more likely to have had some machinery from that mill included in its construction. It was marked on the 1819-43 Ordnance Survey map. Sarre mill was originally built with a single storey brick base, but in 1856 the base was raised to 14 feet (4.27 m) high, with an extra storey built under it. Sarre mill was the first windmill in Kent to have a steam engine installed as auxiliary power. This was added in 1861. The mill was worked by wind until 1920, when the sails were taken down, and installed on the Union Mill, Cranbrook and a gas engine was fitted. The mill worked for a few years longer powered by the gas engine, but had ceased milling by the early 1930s. The mill was recommissioned in the late 1930s, again powered by the gas engine, before finally stopping in 1940 as the engine had been damaged by frost in the severe winter that year. The mill was used as an observation post during the Second World War. The mill remained semi-derelict until 1986, when restoration was started, being completed in 1991 The mill is now open to the public as well as being a mill working for trade.
Sarre windmill is a three storey smock mill on a two storey brick base. It has four double patent sails carried on a cast iron windshaft. The mill is winded by a fantail. The Brake Wheel is a composite one, with iron arms and a wooden rim. This drives a cast iron Wallower. The Great Spur Wheel is also of cast iron. The mill drives two pairs of millstones, overdrift.
MillersThomas Holman 1845 – 1862
George Thomas Steddy 1878
Ebenezer Wood 1880 – 1883
Hogben
Gambrill – 1940
Malcolm Hobbs 1991 -
Robert Hobbs 1991 -
Edited from RAW in CS3 with an added texture by
Lenabem
Thank you Anna.
finished off in Picasa 3
Camera used Pentax K200D.

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