Cape Reed Grass, a plant of the Fynbos, seen on top of Table Mountain, Cape Town, South Africa.
Fynbos (Afrikaans pronunciation: [ˈfəinbɒs], or anglicised as /ˈfeɪnbɒs/) is the natural shrubland or heathland vegetation occurring in a small belt of the Western Cape of South Africa, mainly in winter rainfall coastal and mountainous areas with a Mediterranean climate. The Fynbos ecoregion is within the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome.
The word fynbos is the Afrikaans for “fine bush”, referring to the thin leaves.
Fynbos – which grows in a 100 to 200 km wide coastal belt stretching from Clanwilliam on the West coast to Port Elizabeth on the Southeast coast forming part of the Cape floral kingdom, where it accounts for half of the surface area and 80% of the plant varieties. The fynbos in the western regions is richer and more varied than in the eastern regions of South Africa.
Of the world’s six floral kingdoms, this is the smallest and richest per area unit.