“Home! Sweet Home!” (also known as “Home, Sweet Home”) is a song that has remained well-known for over 150 years. Adapted from American actor and dramatist John Howard Payne’s 1823 opera Clari, Maid of Milan, the song’s melody was composed by Englishman Sir Henry Bishop with lyrics by American John Howard Payne. The opening lines:
Mid pleasures and palaces though we may roam,
Be it ever so humble, there’s no place like home;
have become famous. It is also used with Sir Henry Wood’s Fantasia on British Sea Songs and in Alexandre Guilmant’s Fantasy for organ Op. 43, the Fantaisie sur deux mélodies anglaises, both of which also use “Rule, Britannia”.
More recently, in 1909, it was featured as being played in the silent film The House of Cards by Thomas A. Edison. In the particular scene, a frontier bar was hurriedly closed due to a fracas. A card reading “Play Home Sweet Home” was displayed, upon which an on-screen fiddler promptly supplied a pantomime of the song. This may imply a popular association of this song with the closing hour of drinking establishments.
This song is famous in Japan as “Hanyū no Yado” (“埴生の宿”?) (“My Humble Cottage”). It has been used in such movies as The Burmese Harp and Grave of the Fireflies. It is also used at Senri-Chūō Station on the Kita-Osaka Kyūkō Railway.