(Printed to fit A3)
Le Viêt Nam (variantes Viêtnam, Vietnam et Viet Nam), la République socialiste du Viêt Nam pour les usages officiels (Cộng hoà Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam en vietnamien), est un pays d’Asie du Sud-Est. Sa capitale est Hanoï. Il se situe à l’extrême est de la péninsule indochinoise. Le pays occupe une superficie de 331 690 km2 et compte environ 85 millions d’habitants. Il est bordé par la Chine au nord, le Laos, le Cambodge et le golfe de Thaïlande à l’ouest et de la mer de Chine méridionale à l’est et au sud.
L’histoire du Viêt Nam est l’histoire des peuples qui ont occupé le pays que l’on appelle le Viêt Nam. Pour les historiens vietnamiens, le Viêt Nam fut fondé en
2877 av. J.-C. dans leur capitale de l’époque qui se situait à l’emplacement de l’actuelle Canton (en Chine).-
Vietnam (pronounced /ˌviː.ɛtˈnɑːm/; Vietnamese: Việt Nam), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea, referred to as East Sea (Vietnamese: Biển Đông), to the east. With a population of over 86 million, Vietnam is the 13th most populous country in the world.
The people of Vietnam regained independence and broke away from China in AD 938 after their victory at the battle of Bạch Đằng River. Successive dynasties flourished along with geographic and political expansion deeper into Southeast Asia, until it was colonized by the French in the mid-19th century. Efforts to resist the French eventually led to their expulsion from the country in the mid-20th century, leaving a nation divided politically into two countries. Fighting between the two sides continued during the Vietnam War, ending with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.
Emerging from this prolonged military engagement, the war-ravaged nation was politically isolated. The government’s centrally planned economic decisions hindered post-war reconstruction and its treatment of the losing side engendered more resentment than reconciliation. In 1986, it instituted economic and political reforms and began a path towards international reintegration. By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with most nations. Its economic growth had been among the highest in the world in the past decade. These efforts culminated in Vietnam joining the World Trade Organization in 2007 and its successful bid to become a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council in 2008.
(Thanks to Wikipedia)-
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