18×24 colored pencil. Original unavailable. Edward S. Curtis photo used as reference.

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Red Cloud’s War was the name the US Army gave to a series of conflicts fought with American Indian Plains tribes in the Wyoming and Montana territories. The battles were waged between the Northern Cheyenne, allied with Lakota and Arapaho bands, against the United States Army between 1866 and 1868. In December 1866, the Native American allies achieved the Fetterman Massacre (or the Battle of the Hundred Slain); it was the event on the Plains to that point with the highest US fatalities.

Captain William J. Fetterman was sent from Fort Phil Kearny with two civilians and 79 cavalry and infantrymen to chase away a small Indian war party that had attacked a wood party days before. Captain Frederick Brown accompanied Fetterman; the two were confident in their troops and anxious to go to battle with the Indians. They disobeyed orders to stay behind the Lodge Trail Ridge and pursued a small decoy band of warriors, led by an Indian on an apparently injured horse. The decoy was the prominent warrior Crazy Horse. Fetterman and his troops followed the decoy into an ambush of over 2,000 Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho. Combined Indian forces suffered only 14 casualties, while they killed the entire 81-man US detachment.

Following this battle, a US peace commission toured the Plains in 1867 to gather information to help bring about peace among the tribes and with the US. Finding that much American Indian violence had been provoked by white encroachment and competition for resources, the commission recommended assigning definite territories to the Plains tribes. The Northern Cheyenne, Lakota and Arapaho bands, and others settled for peace with the US under the Treaty of Fort Laramie. The US agreed to abandon its forts and withdraw completely from Lakota territory.

  • Complete 1988 before I started keeping better records

I love what I do and I do what I love.. been drawing for over 60 years now – I hope I’ve got it right.

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  • Dawn B Davies-McIninch
    Dawn B Davies-...over 6 years ago

    these pictures are lovely, dont know if you are interested but if you look in my journal, i posted the ten red indian commandments, such beautiful words and you mau like to see it

  • rockinsue
    rockinsueover 6 years ago

    what wonderful detail

  • Torfinn
    Torfinnover 6 years ago

    Excellent work. Well done!

  • Love Through The Lens
    Love Through T...over 6 years ago

    This is lovely BarbB. Native americans are wonderful people & you have captured or drawn something really wonderful! Tina

  • cherokee
    cherokeeover 6 years ago

    Barbra,these are beautiful

  • Pat Moore
    Pat Mooreover 6 years ago

    This is absolutely beautiful, I love indian art. Pat

  • janpiller
    janpillerover 6 years ago

    It’s beautiful!

  • MinoYasue
    MinoYasueover 6 years ago

    This is so photo realistic! Great expression and texture!

  • Patricia Anne McCarty-Tamayo
    Patricia Anne ...over 6 years ago

    I Know of Cheif Red Cloud, good likeness! beautful work too.

  • Shane Huckaby
    Shane Huckabyover 6 years ago


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