12×18 Colored pencil. Original unavailable. Used Edward S. Curtis photo as reference.
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Born in present-day South Dakota around 1840, Gall was said to receive his nickname after eating the gall of an animal killed by a neighbor. He grew to be a giant of a man weighing close to 300 pounds.
He was recognized as an accomplished warrior during his late teens and became a chief in his twenties. Leading the Lakota in their long war against the United States, he served under Sitting Bull during the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876.
After the battle, they took their bands to Canada to escape US forces. Gall came to disagree with Sitting Bull and brought his band back to the United States in 1880. In 1881 Gall finally surrendered to the US government.
Gall settled his band on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation in the Dakotas. Becoming a farmer, he encouraged his people to assimilate to reservation life. He became a Christian convert. He served as a judge of the Court of Indian Affairs on the reservation. He became friendly with the Indian Agent, James McLaughlin.
Eventually Gall turned against Sitting Bull, who had become involved with the Ghost Dance movement.
Gall lived on the Standing Rock Agency until his death on December 5, 1894 (info from Wikipedia).