Harran is located in Southeastern Turkey near the border to Syria and was an important commercial, cultural and religious center under the Babylonians in ancient Mesopotamia. Harran is probably the city of Haran, where Abraham (for Muslims the prophet Ibrahim) lived.
Under the Arabic Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphs in the late 8th and after the 9th century, the place was a centre for translations of astronomy, philosophy, medicine and natural sciences and the first Islamic University was built in Harran. Today the people in the old and new part of Harran are ethnic Arabs, associated with their clans and mostly living from the work on the cotton plantations.
The special cone and cubic formed historical houses in Harran are made of brick and clay. They are very suitable for the hot climate of this region. Harran people are sleeping outside of their houses in blue colored beds to protect themselves of the scorpions, because for a scorpion the blue color is looking like fire.
© Photo by Jens Helmstedt
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