The old village Zelve in Cappadocia (Kapadokya), Turkey, which is recently uninhabited, was an important religious place and settlement for Christans in Middle Ages during the 9th and 13th century. Many Christians moved from eastern regions to Cappadocia, because of the Persian and Arab invasions.
Houses, tunnels, churches and monasteries were built in the volcanic tuff stone.
The landscape of Cappadocia was created about 30 million years ago. The ashes, which covered the earth by massive volcanic eruptions, became an erosive material called “tuff”. Through rain, wind and temperature fluctuations caused in the course of time various forms, such as cones in the stone or the so-called “fairy chimneys”, of which former residents of the region believed, that they were inhabited by fairies.
© Photo by Jens Helmstedt