Arlington National Cemetary, Arlington, Virginia, USA
E Pluribus Unum
E pluribus unum, Latin for “Out of many one” is a motto requested by Pierre Eugene du Simitiere (originally Pie pluribus unus) describes the blending of colors into one. A different account was put forward in the Discovery Channel program “Secret America”. According to an interview with Priscilla Linn, Senior Curator, State Dept. Diplomacy, the phrase “Out of Many, One” came from a magazine called “The Gentleman’s Magazine,” published at the time of the revolution. Each year, the magazine would re-purpose one article from each of the year’s 12 issues, publishing a standalone issue that was “Out of many, one”.
Never codified by law, E pluribus unum was considered a de facto motto of the United States until 1956 when the United States Congress passed an act (H.J. Resolution 396), adopting In God We Trust as the official motto. Seth Read of Uxbridge, Massachusetts was said to have been “instrumental” in the addition of “E Pluribus Unum” to U.S. Coins. The first coins with this mint appeared as early as 1786 at Newburgh, New York.
While Annuit cœptis and Novus ordo seclorum appear on the reverse side of the great seal, E pluribus unum appears on the obverse side of the seal, the image of which is used as the national emblem of the United States, and appears on official documents such as passports. It also appears on the seal of the President and in the seals of the Vice President of the United States, of the United States Congress, of the United States House of Representatives, of the United States Senate and on the seal of the United States Supreme Court. E pluribus unum, written in capital letters, is included on most U.S. currency, with some exceptions to the letter spacing (such as the reverse of the dime). It is also embossed on the edge of the dollar coin. (See United States coinage and paper bills in circulation).
Originally suggesting that out of many colonies or states emerge a single nation, it has come to suggest that out of many peoples, races, religions and ancestries has emerged a single people and nation – illustrating the concept of the melting pot.
Olympus SP570 UZ