A field of bluebonnets at Denison Dam in Texas, USA captured with my Canon Rebel T3i 600D and post processed with Corel Paintshop Pro x4 – HDR 3 shots with tripod
Lupinus texensis (common name Texas Bluebonnet) is a species of lupine which is endemic to Texas. With other related species of lupines also called bluebonnets, it is the state flower of Texas.1
It is a biennial plant which begins its life as a small gravel-like seed. The seed has a hard seed coat that must be penetrated by wind, rain and weather over the course of a few months (but sometimes several years). In the fall the bluebonnets emerge as small seedings with two cotyledons, and later a rosette of leaves that are palmately compound with 5-7 leaflets 3-10 cm long, green with a faint white edge and hair. Growth continues over the mild winter months and then in the spring will take off and rapidly grow larger before sending up a 20-50 cm tall plume of blue flowers (with bits of white and occasionally a tinge of pinkish-red).
It has been found in the wild with isolated mutations in other colors, most notably all-white flowers, pink, and maroon. These mutations have since been selectively bred to produce different color strains that are available commercially.
Bluebonnets are the state flower for Texas.
Texas State Flower – The Bluebonnet
Samantha GreenFriday, August 24, 2012
Proclaimed the state flower in 1901
Texas State Wildflower Day is celebrated every April 24
Burnet, Texas calls itself the “Bluebonnet Capital of Texas” and hosts an annual Bluebonnet Festival the 2nd week in April
Bluebonnet Trivia: It’s also known as buffalo clover, wolf flower (from the Latin Lupinus) and el conejo (the rabbit)
Violet trivia: The common meadow violet is the most common one of the 400 species of violets.
While most sources currently list Lupinus texensis as the Texas State Flower, the state government expanded the definition in 1971 to include all native species of bluebonnets. Good thing, because the largely indistinguishable varieties of the beautiful blue flower blanket most of central Texas for much of the spring. Picking out which ones to honor might be a little tough for an amateur. But the two main species, Lupinus texensis and Lupinus subcarnosis grow only in Texas, earning the bluebonnet’s recognition as the state flower.