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St Peter and St Paul's Church by Antanas
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St Peter and St Paul's Church by 


Lithuania, Vilnius

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St. Peter and St. Paul’s Church in Vilnius (Lithuanian: Šv. apaštalų Petro ir Povilo bažnyčia) is a Roman Catholic church located in the Antakalnis neighbourhood of the city. Its interior, has masterful compositions of stucco mouldings by Giovanni Pietro Perti and ornamentation by Giovanni Maria Galli1 of Milan, and is considered a Lithuanian Baroque masterpiece.

The church is a basilica built on a traditional cross plan with a lantern dome allowing extra light into its white interior. The freestanding columns of the main facade were used for the first time in Lithuanian ecclesiastical architecture. The inscription surrounding the base of the dome (Tu es Petrus et supra hanc petram edificabo ecclesiam meam et portae inferi non praevale buntadversus eam) is the same as that of St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican. The church is decorated with over 2000 religious depictions. The frescos are attributed to Johann Gotthard Berchhoff.[citation needed]. The female heads opposite the St. Augustine Chapel represent two sister nations: Poland and Lithuania.
[edit]History

Interior of the church with the main altar and the lantern in the roof dome
It is believed that the first wooden church was built on this location after Jogaila’s conversion. It was rebuilt at the end of 15th century, but was destroyed by a fire in 1594. Another wooden church was built between 1609-1616, but it also was destroyed during the wars with Russia in 1655-1661.
The construction of the new church was paid for by the Great Lithuanian Hetman Michał Kazimierz Pac in celebration of the victory against the Russians and the suppression of Lubomirski’s Rokosz. The Latin inscription on the main façade REGINA PACIS FUNDA NOS IN PACE (Queen of Peace, protect us in peace) corresponds with the intention, as well as with the founder’s name Pac. Pac demanded to be buried beneath the doorstep of the main entrance with the inscription “Hic Jacet Pecator” (here lies a sinner) on his tombstone, which was parted by the lightning and was set in the wall, right of the main portal. A large Turkish war drum (timpano) is on display in the church. It was taken from the Ottomans in the Battle of Khotyn of 11 November 1673, won by the Commonwealth forces, and granted to the church by Michał Kazimierz Pac.
The construction works of the present church started in 1668 under the supervision of Jan Zaor from Kraków and finished in 1676 by Giambattista Frediani. The decoration works were unfortunately terminated in 1684 due to the founder’s death in 1682, which prevented creating the main altar according to the original design. The decoration works were finally completed only in 1704.
The main altar, smaller than planned, was built in the beginning of 19th century by Giovanni Beretti and Nicolae Piano from Milan. It is dominated by the Farewell of St. Peter and St. Paul, a large drawing by Franciszek Smuglewicz, installed there in 1805.

Tags

church, architecture, vilnius, lithuania, st pauls, st peter

Comments

  • Marvin Collins
    Marvin Collinsabout 5 years ago

    Wow!! Beautiful collage, I love the light and colors in this!!

  • Tom Gomez
    Tom Gomezabout 5 years ago

    Nice triptych Antanas, good work …

  • brirose55
    brirose55about 5 years ago

    great triptych

  • terugvanver
    terugvanverabout 5 years ago

    very very good photography

  • katarina86
    katarina86about 5 years ago

    nice pic :-)

  • Gilberte
    Gilberteabout 5 years ago

    Very nice work A splendid basilica.The words are those Jesus said to Peter and so doing installed him as the first Pope

  • Laurie Search
    Laurie Searchabout 5 years ago

    Wow, beautiful!!

  • Gilberte
    Gilberteabout 5 years ago

    Sorry I mean very nice work Antanas

  • micheleirene
    micheleireneabout 5 years ago

    Stunning work Antanas!

  • arvyart
    arvyartabout 5 years ago

    Fantastic collage, Antanas! This is really awesome church. Very well done! :)

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