The genus Neophema is an Australian genus of broad-tailed parrots with six or seven species. They are small parakeets with a more or less dull green basic color with some contrasting colorful patches, and are commonly known as grass parrots. The genus has some sexual dichromatism, males having more and brighter color patches. There are 6 or 7 species:
Blue-winged Parrot, Neophema chrysostoma
Elegant Parrot, Neophema elegans
Rock Parrot, Neophema petrophila
Orange-bellied Parrot, Neophema chrysogaster Turquoise Parrot, Neophema pulchella
Scarlet-chested Parrot, Neophema splendida.
Panasonic lumix DMC-FZ35 Gore Gardens September 2011 New Zealand
The male Turquoise Parrot is bright green above, with a turquoise blue crown and face. A brilliant two-tone blue band around the bend of the wing contrasts with a dark, brick-red shoulder patch. Its underparts and tail edges are a rich yellow. The female is similar, but not as bright, with a whitish facial mask, no red on the wing, and a pale wing stripe. Old birds of both sexes may have orange underparts. The Turquoise Parrot is similar to the Scarlet-chested Parrot, Neophema splendida. It is the females which could most easily be confused, as the males are more distinctive. The female Scarlet-chested Parrot has a more extensive cobalt-blue face than the female Turquoise Parrot.
The Turquoise Parrot is found from south-eastern Queensland, through New South Wales to eastern and north-eastern Victoria. The range was formerly more extensive.
The Turquoise Parrot favours open, grassy woodland with dead trees near permanent water. It also inhabits coastal heaths and pastures with exotic grasses and weeds, along roadsides and in orchards.
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