Today John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, would have turned 96 years old. JFK is an iconic figure in history who, in his short life, accomplished many things. The Pulitzer Prize winner was the youngest elected president, created the Peace Corps – a federal run international volunteer program – and was a strong promoter of the arts. Kennedy, along with his beautiful wife Jackie, represented youth, vitality and a promise of a new America. In honor of his birthday, we have compiled a list of 10 of his greatest quotes that still ring true today.
“The human mind is our fundamental resource.”
ON CIVIC ENGAGEMENT
“And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country.”
“The problems of the world cannot possibly be solved by skeptics or cynics whose horizons are limited by the obvious realities. We need men who can dream of things that never were and ask “why not?”
“And is not peace, in the last analysis, basically a matter of human rights—the right to live out our lives without fear of devastation—the right to breathe air as nature provided it—the right of future generations to a healthy existence?”
“If art is to nourish the roots of our culture, society must set the artist free to follow his vision wherever it takes him. We must never forget that art is not a form of propaganda; it is a form of truth.”
“Change is the law of life. And those who look only to the past or the present are certain to miss the future.”
ON THE POWER OF MAN
“Our problems are manmade—therefore, they can be solved by man. And man can be as big as he wants. No problem of human destiny is beyond human beings.”
“For a city or a people to be truly free they must have the secure right, without economic, political or police pressure, to make their own choice and to live their own lives.”
“Partnership is not a posture but a process – a continuous process that grows stronger each year as we devote ourselves to common tasks.”
ON FREE SPEECH
“We must know all the facts and hear all the alternatives and listen to all the criticisms. Let us welcome controversial books and controversial authors. For the Bill of Rights is the guardian of our security as well as our liberty.”
50 + GROUP. 08 – 05 – 2011.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“Double Oh Seven” redirects here. For other uses, see 007 (disambiguation).
This article is about the spy series in general. For the character, see James Bond (character). For the film series, see James Bond (film series). For other uses, see James Bond (disambiguation).
Canon 5D Mk2 . Canon 70-200 mm f/4 L.
Photographer : EvitaKittyCat .
Model OO7 : Andrew (Brown Sugar) .
Ian Fleming’s image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists.
Author Ian Fleming
Country United Kingdom
Subject(s) Spy fiction
Publisher Jonathan Cape
Publication date 1953–present
James Bond 007 is a fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short story collections.1 The fictional British Secret Intelligence Service agent has also been used in the longest running and most financially successful English-language film franchise to date, starting in 1962 with Dr. No.234
After Fleming’s death in 1964, subsequent James Bond novels were written by Kingsley Amis, John Gardner, Raymond Benson, Sebastian Faulks and Jeffery Deaver. Moreover, Christopher Wood novelised two screenplays, Charlie Higson wrote a series on a young James Bond while other writers have authored unofficial versions of the character.5
There have been 22 films in the EON Productions series to date, the most recent of which, Quantum of Solace, was released on 31 October 2008 (UK).67 In addition there has been an American television adaptation and two independent feature productions. Apart from movies and television, James Bond has also been adapted for many other media, including radio plays, comic strips and video games.
The EON Productions films are generally termed as “official”, by fans of the series, originating with the purchase of the James Bond film rights by producer Harry Saltzman in the early 1960s.8
1 Creation and inspiration
2 Novels and related works
2.1 Ian Fleming novels
3.1.1 The EON films
3.1.2 Non-EON films
3.2 Television programmes
3.3 Radio programmes
4 Cultural impact
6 Video games
7 Comic strips and comic books
9 Vehicles and gadgets
10 See also
12 External links
Creation and inspiration
Main articles: James Bond (character) and Inspirations for James Bond
Basic Bond coat of arms with motto
Commander Sir James Bond, (KCMG, RNVR) is an officer of the British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS; commonly known as MI6). He was created in January 1952 by British journalist Ian Fleming while on holiday at his Jamaican estate, Goldeneye. The hero was named after the American ornithologist James Bond, a Caribbean bird expert and author of the definitive field guide book Birds of the West Indies. Fleming, a keen birdwatcher, had a copy of Bond’s field guide at Goldeneye. Of the name, Fleming once said in a Reader’s Digest interview, “I wanted the simplest, dullest, plainest-sounding name I could find, ‘James Bond’ was much better than something more interesting, like ‘Peregrine Carruthers.’ Exotic things would happen to and around him, but he would be a neutral figure — an anonymous, blunt instrument wielded by a government department.”9
Nevertheless, news sources10 speculated about real spies or other covert agents after whom James Bond might have been modelled or named, such as Sidney Reilly or William Stephenson, best-known by his wartime intelligence codename of Intrepid. Although they are similar to Bond, Fleming confirmed none as the source figure, nor did Ian Fleming Publications nor any of Fleming’s biographers, such as John Pearson or Andrew Lycett. Historian Keith Jeffery speculates in his authorized history of MI6, that Bond may be modeled on Fleming’s close friend, Bill “Biffy” Dunderdale, a MI6 agent whose sophisticated persona and penchant for pretty women and fast cars closely matches that of Bond.11
James Bond’s parents are Andrew Bond, from village of Glencoe (Argyll, Scotland), and Monique Delacroix, from Yverdon (Vaud, Switzerland).12 Their nationalities were established in On Her Majesty’s Secret Service. Fleming emphasised Bond’s Scottish heritage in admiration of Sean Connery’s cinematic portrayal, whereas Bond’s mother is named after a Swiss fiancée of Fleming’s. A planned, but unwritten, novel would have portrayed Bond’s mother as a Scot. Ian Fleming was a member of a prominent Scottish banking family.13 Although John Pearson’s fictional biography of Bond gives him a birth date on 11 November (Armistice Day) 1920, the books themselves are inconsistent on the matter. In Casino Royale, he is said to have bought a car in 1933 and to have been an experienced gambler before World War II. Two books later, in Moonraker, he is said to be in his mid-thirties; the setting of this book can be no earlier than 1954 as it refers to the South Goodwin Lightship, which was lost in that year. There is a further reference to Bond’s age in You Only Live Twice, when Tanaka tells him he was born in the Year of the Rat (1924/25 or 1912/13). The books were written over a 12-year period during which Bond’s age, when mentioned, thus varies, but is usually around 40. In the novel On Her Majesty’s Secret Service, Bond’s family motto is found to be Orbis non sufficit (“The world is not enough”). The novel also states that the family that used this motto may not necessarily be the same Bond family from which James Bond came.14
Hoagy Carmichael—another James Bond visual model.
After completing the manuscript for Casino Royale, Fleming allowed his friend (and later editor) William Plomer to read it. Plomer liked it and submitted it to Jonathan Cape, who did not like it as much. Cape finally published it in 1953 on the recommendation of Fleming’s older brother Peter, an established travel writer.15
Most researchers agree that James Bond is a romanticised version of Ian Fleming, himself a jet-setting womaniser. Both Fleming and Bond attended the same schools, preferred the same foods (scrambled eggs and coffee), maintained the same habits (drinking, smoking, wearing short-sleeve shirts), shared the same notions of the perfect woman in looks and style, and had similar naval career paths (both rising to the rank of naval Commander). They also shared similar height, hairstyle, and eye colour. Some suggest that Bond’s suave and sophisticated persona is based on that of a young Hoagy Carmichael. In Casino Royale, Vesper Lynd remarks, “Bond reminds me rather of Hoagy Carmichael, but there is something cold and ruthless.” Likewise, in Moonraker, Special Branch Officer Gala Brand thinks that Bond is “certainly good-looking . . . Rather like Hoagy Carmichael in a way. That black hair falling down over the right eyebrow. Much the same bones. But there was something a bit cruel in the mouth, and the eyes were cold.”16
Fleming did admit to being partly inspired by a story recounted to him which took place during his service in the Naval Intelligence Division of the Admiralty. The incident is depicted in Casino Royale, when Ralph Izzard finds himself involved in a card game, playing poker against covert Nazi intelligence agents at a casino in Pernambuco, Brazil.17
Novels and related works
Main article: James Bond novels
In February 1952, Ian Fleming began writing his first James Bond novel. At the time, Fleming was the foreign manager for Kemsley Newspapers, owners of The Daily Express in London. Upon accepting the job, Fleming asked for two months’ yearly vacation in his contract—time spent writing in Jamaica. Between 1953 and his death in 1964, Fleming published twelve novels and one short-story collection (a second collection was published posthumously). Later, continuation novels were written by Kingsley Amis (as Robert Markham), John Gardner, Charlie Higson, and Raymond Benson, who was the first American author of James Bond. The Young Bond series of novels was begun in 2005, by Charlie Higson.1819
In July 2007, it was announced that Sebastian Faulks has been commissioned to write a new Bond novel to commemorate Fleming’s 100th Birthday. The book — titled Devil May Care – was published on 27 May 2008.
Ian Fleming novels
1953 Casino Royale20
1954 Live and Let Die21
1956 Diamonds Are Forever23
1957 From Russia, with Love24
1958 Dr. No25
1960 For Your Eyes Only27 – short stories
1962 The Spy Who Loved Me29
1963 On Her Majesty’s Secret Service30
1964 You Only Live Twice31
1965 The Man with the Golden Gun32
1966 Octopussy and The Living Daylights33 – short stories