Camera : .
Film : ORWO – COLOR – slide film .
All images & copyrights belong to me. These images do not belong to the public domain. Found to replicate, reproduce, circulate, distribute, download, manipulate or otherwise use my images without my written consent will be in breach of copyright laws as well as contract laws (for which 3rd parties which are involved may take joint action with me against you). Please honor & respect creative licensing & do not steal my art or anyone else’s. Please do not use this art without written permission from me. Thank you.
If you would like to host my Image on a blog contact me to get Express Written Permission to do so. A direct link back to my gallery from where you obtained the Image is required, with my name.
My art sales are powered by RedBubble.com. RedBubble offers a* simple money-back guarantee, gold star customer service*, and assures safe online transactions by using 128-bit SSL encryption – an industry standard. RedBubble accepts credit cards as well as PayPal.
Satisfaction Guarantee. XoXo..
The Champs-Élysées in 1890, viewed from the Place de la Concorde.
Statue of Napoléon Bonaparte erected at Champs-Élysées in 1852, soon after the coronation of Napoleon III.
The Champs-Élysées were originally fields and market gardens, until 1616, when Marie de Medici decided to extend the axis of the Tuileries Garden with an avenue of trees. As late as 1716, Guillaume Delisle’s map of Paris shows that a short stretch of roads and fields and market garden plots still separated the grand axe of the Tuileries gardens from the planted “Avenue des Thuilleries,” which was punctuated by a circular basin where the Rond Point stands today; already it was planted with some avenues of trees to the Seine river through woods and fields. In 1724, the Tuileries Garden axis and the avenue were connected and extended, leading beyond the Place de l’Étoile; the “Elysian Fields” were open parkland flanking it, soon filled in with bosquets of trees formally planted in straight rank and file. To the east, the unloved and neglected “Vieux Louvre” (as it is called on the maps), still hemmed in by buildings, was not part of the axis. In a map of 1724, the Grande Avenue des Champs-Elisée stretches west from a newly-cleared Place du Pont Tournant soon to be renamed for Louis XV and now the Place de la Concorde.
The Free French 2nd Armored Division marches down the Champs Élysées on 26 August 1944 to celebrate the Liberation of Paris.
28th Infantry Division at the time of the Liberation of Paris, parading on the Champs Élysées on 29 August 1944, after its participation in Operation Overlord.
By the late 18th century, the Champs-Élysées had become a fashionable avenue; the bosquet plantings on either side had thickened enough to be given formal rectangular glades (cabinets de verdure). The gardens of houses built along the Faubourg Saint-Honoré backed onto the formal bosquets. The grandest of them was the Élysée Palace. A semicircle of house-fronts now defined the north side of the Rond-Point. Queen Marie Antoinette drove with her friends and took music lessons at the grand Hôtel de Crillon on the Place Louis XV.7 The avenue from the Rond-Point to the Étoile was built up during the Empire. The Champs-Élysées itself became city property in 1828, and footpaths, fountains, and gas lighting were added. Over the years, the avenue has undergone numerous transitions, most recently in 1994, when the sidewalks were widened.
The Avenue des Champs-Élysées, because of its size and proximity to several Parisian landmarks such as the Arc de Triomphe, has been the site of several notable military parades, the most infamous being the march of German troops celebrating the Fall of France on 14 June 1940, and the two most famous, the subsequent marches of Free French and American forces after the liberation of the city, respectively, the French 2nd Armored Division on 26 August 1944, and the US 28th Infantry Division on 29 August 1944.offices and retail
In 1860, the merchants along the avenue joined together to form the Syndicat d’Initiative et de Défense des Champs-Élysées, changed to an association in 1916 to promote the avenue. In 1980, the group changed its name to the Comité des Champs-Élysées and to “Comité Champs-Élysées” in 2008. It is the oldest standing committee in Paris. The committee has always dedicated itself to seek public projects to enhance the avenue’s unique atmosphere, and to lobby the authorities for extended business hours and to organize special events. Even today, the committee has approval with the Parisian administration over the addition of new business to the avenue.
Because of the high rents, few people live on the Champs-Élysées; the upper stories tend to be occupied by offices. Rents are particularly high on the north side of the avenue, because of better exposure to sunlight. The baroque-influenced regular architecture of the grandiose Champs-Élysées is typical of the Haussmann boulevard architecture of the Second Empire and Third Republic. The avenue is located right next to the Palais de l’Élysée, the presidential palace, with its rounded gate, and the Grand Palais, erected in the late 19th century. While walking among the gardens and tree-lined promenades one can even encounter an open-air marionette theatre for children, a French tradition popular through the ages.
The avenue is also one of the most famous streets in the world for upscale shopping. Adidas, Benetton, the Disney Store, Nike, Zara, Cartier, Bel Air Fashion, Toyota, continental Europe’s largest Gap, and Sephora occupy major spaces.3 Traditionally home to popular brands, as well as luxury brands (such as Louis Vuitton), the Avenue des Champs Elysées confirms its world-class appeal as a prime real estate location: it has lately seen the opening of new big upscale shops such as the biggest Adidas store in the world. Abercrombie & Fitch has received permission for a flagship store there, scheduled to open to the public in