The Renault 4, also known as the 4L (pronounced “Quatrelle”), is a hatchback economy car produced by the French automaker Renault between 1961 and 1994. It was the first front-wheel drive family car produced by Renault.
The car was launched at a time when several decades of economic stagnation were giving way to growing prosperity and surging car ownership in France. With the first million cars produced, on 1 February 1966, less than four and a half years after launch, it was a commercial success for Renault because of the timing of its introduction and the merits of its design: it was exceptionally spacious for its size, and is one of several models that pioneered the hatchback revolution which the European motor industry underwent during the 1960s and 1970s. The Renault 4 was Renault’s response to the 1948 Citroën 2CV. Renault was able to review the advantages and disadvantages of the 2CV design and come up with a larger, more urban vehicle. Though the Renault 4 had a long production run, development of the design was limited – it never changed size or shape.